Facts and Figures about Southern Africa

Official Name - Republic of South Africa

Population - 44,187,637

Capital City - Pretoria (1.5 million)

Cape Town (3.2 million) is the legislative center,

and Bloemfontein (350,000) is the judicial center.

Currency - Rand

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Languages - Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Pedi, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa and Zulu - all (official)

National Day - 27 April; Freedom Day

Religions - Christian (68%), others

Latitude/Longitude - 25 73'S, 28 22'E

Highest Point - Njesuthi (11,181 ft.) (3,408 m)

Land Area - 1,221,040 sq km (471,443 sq miles)

Land Divisions - 9 provinces; including Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West, Northern Cape and Western Cape

Climate - Summers in South Africa are known to be quite hot, especially in the southern coastal areas, while inland in the higher elevations, temperatures do moderate. Winters are generally mild countrywide, with some snow in the hills and mountains.

Like its neighbors, South Africa seasons are the reverse of the Northern Hemisphere: Spring is September - October, Summer is November - March, Fall is April - May, and Winter is June - August.